Size: 9" x 7.2" (23 cm x 18 cm), W. Atermarked (on the Upper Left). (born 28 July 1760 in Lyon, died 5 January 1834 in Vailly-sur-Aisne) was a French general and diplomat, noted for his participation to the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Carra Saint-Cyr entered active service in 1774, with the Bourdonnais regiment, and was a part of the French expeditionary corps during the American War of Independence. He was a captain and held a position in the military commissariat.
With the outbreak of the Wars of the Revolution, Carra Saint-Cyr resumed active duty, serving in the army of the West as aide-de-camp to general Jean-Baptiste Annibal Aubert du Bayet, subsequently accompanying Aubert du Bayet to Constantinople, where the latter was appointed ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. Carra Saint-Cyr then served as consul in Walachia, before returning to France, in 1798. He was at Marengo in 1800 and became a general of division in 1803. Named governor of Magdeburg in 1806, he was created baron of the Empire two years later and in.
1809 he held the command of an infantry division during the War of the Fifth Coalition. Playing an important role at the battle of Aspen-Essling.
He was named governor of Dresden and in 1813 governor of Hamburg and in this capacity evacuated the city with his troops and was defeated on the Elbe. For this, he was disgraced, but general Dominique Vandamme still gave him the command of a division, with the mission of defending the Ems river.
With the Bourbon Restoration of 1814, Carra Saint-Cyr was created count and named governor of the French Guiana, a position that he would hold from 1814 to 1819. His name appears on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. The American Historical Review, Volume XIII OCTOBER 1907 to JULY 1908 (The Administrative Polity of Napoleon Page 759). In the following year there were issued new "Instructions pour Messieurs les Présidents des Collèges Électoraux", in which it is directed that le collège ne peut directement ni indirectement sous quelque prétexte que ce soit, correspondre avec un autre collège, sous peine de dissolution.This is, of course, only a part of a general policy of repression with respect to public movements or expressions of public spirit that has been frequently dwelt upon. It is true that June 7, 1800, Napoleon wrote from Italy to the other consuls in disapproval of the suppression of a journal for reections on the Institute, and remarks, il doit régner la plus grande liberté ; but this temper did not last long and all that remained of journalism was placed soon under a reign of terror. Ofcial displeasure was constantly visited on any sign of appealing to the public through the press in regard to public affairs. The item "NAPOLEON BONAPARTE AUTOGRAPH & Instructions Presidents Electoral Colleges 1809" is in sale since Monday, May 11, 2020. This item is in the category "Antiques\Manuscripts". The seller is "antiqueparchments" and is located in Kansas City, Missouri. This item can be shipped to United States, Ukraine, Canada.